Schools are confronted with a variety of potential threats that must be evaluated and responded to in order to maintain a safe and secure learning environment for all students and staff. The Threat Assessment process is comprised of Initial Response, Screening, and if necessary, a more In-Depth Assessment. The assessments are intended to ensure timeliness of response, safety of all in the school environment, and deployment of the school's resources in the most efficient manner, according to the facts of each individual case.
Through mandatory training, it is emphasized that "not all threats are created equal." Therefore, it is important that those charged with responding to potential threats in the schools have a systematic means of gathering information and communicating with each other about the seriousness of the situation and the need for immediate action. In the majority of cases, there is sufficient time to complete all three stages of the Threat Assessment process, if needed. In some instances, a threat may be imminent, requiring quick and effective action to ensure safety.